Frequently Asked Questions
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Infertility is often medically defined as the inability to conceive within a time period of 12 months after trying. There can be several causes of infertility. However, the top few reasons are.
- Infrequent menstrual periods
- Female age of 35 years or older
- A history of pelvic infections or sexually transmitted diseases
- Known uterine fibroids or endometrial polyps
What is a good time frame for a period of trying to get pregnant? At what point should I consider seeking help?
A good time frame that is advised world-over is one year (also discussed in detail in the above question). After a year, we recommend meeting an ART specialist.
While the causes for infertility might seem more for women, they are just more varied. There is no data to suggest that it is a woman’s problem. Men are equally responsible as well.
Studies have indicated that lifestyle factors can impact on reproductive performance. Habits such as:
- Smoking by women
- High levels of alcohol consumption
- High levels of caffeine consumption
- Obesity for men
However, it is indicated that stress doesn’t cause infertility. Testing for Infertility
Understanding what defines normal fertility is crucial to answering this question. Most couples (approximately 85%) will achieve pregnancy within one year of trying, with the greatest likelihood of conception occurring during the earlier months. Only an additional 7% of couples generally conceive in the second year.
If you are a couple that has been trying for over a year unsuccessfully, then it is advisable to seek help.
Infertility, the inability to conceive is not an uncommon problem. It affects 15 percent of couples worldwide.
There are several causes for male infertility, however, they all cause the sperm in the semen to be unable to fertilize the egg. The general causes are:
- An inherited disorder
- Hormonal imbalance
- Dilated veins around the testicle
- A condition that blocks the passage of sperm
The general process begins with a thorough check of your fertility history and then there is a physical examination. At this stage, the doctor is likely to ask several questions like
- How long have you been trying to get pregnant?
- How often are you having intercourse?
- Do you have pain with menstrual periods or intercourse?
- Have you been pregnant before? What happened with your prior pregnancies?
- Have you had any sexually transmitted infections or abnormal pap smears?
- How often do you have menstrual cycles?
- Do you have any medical problems or prior surgeries?
- Do you have a family history of medical problems?
The information from all these questions and the physical examination will help us get the right start to resolve the issue.