Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

ICSI requires only one spermatozoon for the fertilization of each oocyte. Indications for ICSI are not restricted to impaired morphology of the spermatozoa, but also include low sperm counts and impaired kinetic quality of the sperm cells. ICSI can also be used with spermatozoa from the epididymis or testis when there is an obstruction in…


Methods of surgical sperm retrieval The main methods of surgical sperm retrieval available include: PESA : percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration. MESA : microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration. TESA : testicular sperm aspiration. This includes testicular fine needle aspiration (TFNA). TESE : testicular tperm extraction. Microdissection TESE.

Embryo Transfer

The fertilized oocytes are further cultured up to day 2 or 3, and then embryo transfer is performed. When a large number of embryos have been formed, alternative approaches could be either an extended culture to the blastocyst stage. A transfer is performed on day 2, day 3 or blastocyst stage. Instructions for Embryo Transfer:…

In Vitro Fertilisation IVF

The IVF Procedure involves : Ovarian stimulation . Oocyte retrieval. Embryo culture in a laboratory. Embryo transfer. A baseline scan is performed between days 2 and 5 of the menstrual cycle. If the patient is amenorrheic, a withdrawal bleed with progestogens is induced. At the baseline scan, ovarian volume, ovarian stromal blood flow velocity, number…

Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a laboratory procedure to separate fast moving sperm from the more sluggish or non-moving sperm. These fast moving sperm are placed into the woman’s womb at the time of ovulation, when the egg is released from the ovary, in the middle of the monthly cycle.

Ovulation Induction

Ovulation Induction helps ovaries to release eggs, to increase the chance of conception through intercourse or artificial insemination (IUI). This helps women with low hormone levels for ovulation, or who are not ovulating at all. For this process, medication is required to stimulate hormones. It may be though tablets or injections.