|Semen from healthy donors known or presumed to be fertile may be stored for future use. Donor spermatozoa can be used for AI, IUI, IVF or ICSI:
||Semen may be obtained and stored before a man undergoes a procedure or exposure that might prevent or impair his fertility, such as:
||Spermatozoa may be stored for treatment of the man’s partner by artificial insemination by husband’s semen (AIH), IUI, IVF or ICSI, in cases of.
|For the partner of an infertile man with no live spermatozoa or elongated spermatids suitable for ICSI, or where treatment has failed or is too costly;
||Vasectomy (in case of a future change in marital situation or desire for more children);
||Severe oligozoospermia or intermittent presence of motile spermatozoa in the semen (as backup for ICSI)
|To prevent transmission of an inherited disorder;
||Treatment with cytotoxic agents or radiotherapy, which is likely to impair spermatogenesis permanently.
||Treatment of infertility that may not persist, such as surgery for genital tract obstruction or gonadotrophin treatment for hypothalamo-pituitary hypogonadism
|To prevent fetal haemolytic anaemia from blood group incompatibility;
||The need for special collection, such as assisted ejaculation for patients with spinal cord injury, spermatozoa from retrograde ejaculation in urine, or surgical collection from the genital tract;
|After recurrent miscarriage, where donor insemination may result in a successful pregnancy;
||Men who are unable to provide fresh semen on the day of an ART procedure.